Jobs, Inflation, and Other Worries for Investors
Debate in Washington is presently being affected by economic recovery that looks a little fragile.
Life is getting back to normal in Washington DC, where division typically rules. A spat over the debt ceiling looks like a small skirmish in the larger battle over ambitious spending and tax increases. The economy continues to show steady growth, but at a rate modestly below prior expectations.
September’s jobs report was disappointing, continuing a theme from August. Approximately 200,000 jobs were added, well short of estimates for 500,000. Upward revisions from prior months could be viewed as closing about half the gap versus expectations, but the number remains a little disconcerting and raises the question whether the economy can be expected to reclaim its pre-pandemic growth trajectory?
More patience seems to be warranted, as the pandemic’s shadow is likely to be very long and affect different industries over different timeframes. The Labor Department highlighted seasonal school staffing as one area of particular weakness in the latest report.
Despite the tepid jobs number, many businesses are complaining about a shortage of workers. People simply aren’t showing up to take the jobs available, which may say more about the jobs themselves than the people eschewing them. Arguably worker shortages are simply wage shortages by another name. Any job can be staffed for a high enough wage. Businesses with serious staffing shortages will have to raise prices and pay employees more. Businesses who cannot raise prices in an inflationary environment are uncompetitive. Average hourly earnings increased 4.6% in the latest jobs report, similar to the rate of measured consumer price inflation.
The Federal Reserve is changing its tune subtly but significantly on inflation. Critics challenged, even mocked, the Fed’s previous position that inflation would prove “transitory.” With the CPI up over 5% in the trailing twelve months, financial markets roaring, and the economy still far from the growth frontier where inflation typically accelerates, it is very hard to imagine that inflation will politely return to its pre-pandemic average of approximately 2% on any kind of transitory timeframe. The Fed is now backing down from that position.
Chairman Jerome Powell recently admitted that inflation is running above the Fed’s estimates with no sign of abating until 2022. St. Louis Fed President James Bullard warns of possible reacceleration from the current level and speculates that when inflation does eventually cool down it “may not dissipate back to the Fed’s 2% goal.” Small changes in expectations for long-term, steady-state inflation, say from 2% to 3%, can have very big implications for the valuations of long-duration assets.
Bond yields have increased recently but generally remain below the levels reached earlier in the year when inflation first started to accelerate. The market seems to hold out some hope that the inflation genie will slump back into the bottle. If not, then this trend of rising rates will have some legs.
Fed balance sheet tapering would have seemed like the rational response to rising inflation earlier this year, but the Fed chose the transitory stance. This stance provided cover for the Fed to continue exchanging new dollars for existing bonds. In fairness to the Fed, assuming inflation does not run absolutely rampant in the coming years—which we do not expect—the Fed’s response to the pandemic will probably go down in history as quite successful, if maybe somewhat excessive. Writing today in late 2021, and currently living through the “excessive” part of that story, however, we report that balance sheet expansion no longer feels supportive of the financial system. If anything, the Fed may be destabilizing the system by suppressing interest rates, hollowing out the banking sector, and stoking inflationary concerns.
As always, holding a basket of steady growth stock performers like those in each issue of the Investor Advisory Service stock newsletter is the best antidote to short-term systemic fluctuations in the economy. After all, in five or ten years, the current situation will be a fading memory, while the returns of your portfolio will have more than compensated you for your patience.
Reprinted from the November 2021 issue of the Investor Advisory Service. For more information, to download a sample issue, or to subscribe to the best investing newsletter in the U.S., visit Investor Advisory Service.